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Introduction to Manu
Located in the tropical rainforest of the departments of Cuzco and Madre de Dios, the Manu National Park is Peru's greatest natural reserve, both for the number of species that it harbors as well as the diversity of eco-systems to be found there. It was established as a national park in 1973 across a surface of 1,532,806 hectares and declared a Mankind Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1987.
The reserve covers the entire watershed of the Manu River, running across an extraordinary range of altitudes, running from 4,300 masl in the high Andean plain down to 200 meters in the Amazon Basin. The area is home to dozens of tribes -Amahuaca, Huachipaire, Machiguenga, Piro, Yora and Yaminahua- as well as others that have yet to make contact with the outside world. The park is also a haven for more than 20,000 plant varieties, 1,200 butterfly species, 1,000 bird species, 200 species of mammals and an unknown quantity of reptiles, amphibians and insects.
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